It is known that (symmetry and transitivity implies reflexive) is false, even though it seemingly seems that if x~y, then x~y (symmetry) and if x~y and y~x then x~x (transitivity), seems to imply that x~x (reflexive).

Is the reason because that if x~y is false, then the statements of symmetry and transitivity are trivially true, and hence x~x may be false?

Another question: are there additional conditions we can impose to make symmetry and transitivity imply reflexivity?

Thanks.