volume?

Forum for the GRE subject test in mathematics.
hadimotamedi
Posts: 34
Joined: Thu Dec 30, 2010 4:36 am

volume?

Postby hadimotamedi » Mon Jan 03, 2011 12:58 am

Dear All
Can you please let me know how to calculate the volume obtained by rotating the y=f(x) curve about the x-axis for x=x1 to x2?
Can you please let me have the answer for rotating it about the y-axis for y=y1 to y2 as well ?
Thank you

hadimotamedi
Posts: 34
Joined: Thu Dec 30, 2010 4:36 am

Re: volume?

Postby hadimotamedi » Mon Jan 03, 2011 1:18 am

Sorry. I meant 'surface' .

freeabelian
Posts: 9
Joined: Sat Jan 01, 2011 5:35 pm

Re: volume?

Postby freeabelian » Mon Jan 03, 2011 2:35 am

The easiest way to do this is through the washer method.

V = \pi\int_{x_1}^{x_2}(f(x)^2)dx

This works for rotation along the x-axis. Intuitively, you're adding up loads of infinitesimally small washers of area \pi f(x)^2.

If the function is being rotated around the y axis, you'll need to get the curve as a function of y instead, as we'll have a dy integral, and then apply the exact same procedure.

alternatively, you can use the cylinder method.

V=2\pi\int_{x_1}^{x_2}x |{f(x)}| dx




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